Generally people learn better if given the opportunity to participate through practical exercises, in small groups or during group discussions. Improving skills is most effective if taught to active learners. They should feel involved, solve problems, analyse situations, discuss issues and apply concepts. It is important to remember that adult training will bring experience, insights and will certainly enhanced the training sessions. A good way is to make training participatory, offering to take advantage of their skills.

Planners should consider these following points:

  1. Must know what the candidates need to learn (objective);
  2. Need to know the reason of this training;
  3. What will need to be accomplished, the end product wanted; and
  4. Determine the level candidates have (officials / supervisors / managers / users / responders)

3 common training methods are:

  1. Presentations (give factual information logically);
  2. Demonstration (how to perform an action); and
  3. Group Discussions

Other methods or deviations of the above can be: brainstorming session (creative and spontaneous); case studies (lessons learned); SIM / Role play (get thinking and feeling); workgroup; tabletop / round table; skits; reading (dist. learning; video (dist. learning)